Developing Language and Literacy in KG

Program Details

Title
Developing Language and Literacy in KG
Duration: 20 hours
Prerequisites: Advanced Educational Qualification, Early Childhood Philosophical Approaches and their Implications on KG Curricula, Designing Learning Centers in KG
Material: Training Guide, Program Kit, and online resources on Marifah
Level - Track: Specialized Level - Kindergarten
Target Audience : Kindergarten teachers (KG teachers)

Short Description

This program focuses on improving literacy skills in KG, and enhances the concept of language as well as its elements that are appropriate for KG children. It provides a number of activities and experiences that help in determining the level of language development in KG. This includes providing phonological awareness exercises, syntactical aspects, forming long sentences and comprehending shapes, numbers and colors. It investigates social application of language in child’s natural environment (family, parts of body, vegetables, fruits, animals etc.) and utilizes activities along with shapes to determine readiness for literacy skills. This can assist in teaching him/her and enhancing his/her lingual abilities as well as expressive language of the child; so he/she would be ready for school education, skill acquisition, and interaction with peers.

Big Ideas

The acquisition of linguistic components in their productive and receptive forms is a main purpose of KG.
Linguistic preparation of children facilitates and their literacy in upper grades.
Preparing children for reading and writing is essential in KG.
Identifying strengths and weaknesses of children helps in designing KG curriculum.

Essential Questions

What are the main components of language?
How can we contribute to improve the linguistic preparation in children?
What are the suitable activities for reading and writing preparation?
What are we supposed to do to prepare children for school?
What activities are suitable for developing the skills we intend to improve in children?
How can you recognize the scientific and theoretical information while practically implementing it?

Outcomes

Unit Outcomes
1
  • • Identify language development stages in children aged 3-6 years.  
  • • Describe communicative messages, and to be the sender and the recipient.
  • • Value working in groups as a preliminary experience for linguistic communication.
  • • Explain the linguistic needs of children in different age groups.
  • • Describe phonology, the first linguistic component.
  • • Design activities to present the sounds with pictures.
 2
  • • Describe the morphological component.
  • • Extract the basic synthesis of a sentence.
  • • Implement sentence-extension methods.
  • • Describe the semantic component.
  • • Use picture cards to explain antonyms.
  • • Use pictures to explain concepts.
  • • Form synonyms using available picture cards.
 3
  • • Describe the pragmatic component.
  • • Demonstrate greeting skills (when meeting and when leaving) using expressive pictures.
  • • Act out the skills of participating in conversation, and the principles of discussion.
  • • Demonstrate the skills of talking and expressing emotions.
  • • Differentiate between non-linguistic sounds and phonemes.
  • • Differentiate between similar sounds in the same position, different pronunciations and whispering.
  • • Extract different words from the same sound.
 4
  • • Make auditory and visual distinctions.
  • • Differentiate between similar sounds visually.
  • • Differentiate between similar sounds orally.
  • • Extract similar sounds in words visually.
  • • Determine similar sounds in the words orally.
  • • Design activities that develop phonological awareness.
  • • Describe phonological awareness.
  • • Differentiate between non-linguistic sounds and phonemes.
  • • Differentiate between similar sounds in their position, different voiced and voiceless sounds.
 5
  • • Use strategies to expand children’s vocabulary.
  • • Link the letters to the name and to the body organs.
  • • Present new vocabulary through adjectives.
  • • Analyze vocabulary network and maps.
  • • Implement reading comprehension strategies.
  • • Use story elements strategies and summarization strategies.
  • • Implement self-monitoring and prediction strategies.
  • • Combine wondering and questioning strategies to enhance vocabulary.
  • • Design activities for preparing children for reading and writing.

Assessment

No Assessment Component Weight
1 Attendance and Participation Participation 5
Attendance 5
2 Formative Assessment

Self-regulated-assessment

KWL-Q 5
Vocabulary Tool pre and post 5
Trainer Assessment

Plan activities that take into account the language’s components to be used in improving language skills.

20

Trainer's notes on trainee's implementations of oral and verbal language exercises.

10
3 Summative assessment

Conducting the final assessment form cumulatively during the training.

10
Exit Task 10
Portfolio 10
Final exam 20
Program Total 100

Time Distribution

No Item Time (min)
1 KWL-Q 15
2 Pre - Vocabulary Tool 15
3 Terminology 10
4 Activity (1.1) : Communication 50
5 Activity (1.2 ): Pre-School Stages of Language Development- Ages 3 to 6 55
6 Activity (1.3) : Pre-School Stages of Language Development- Ages 3 to 6 55
7 Activity (1.4): Phonological Component 60
8 Activity (1.5): Phonological Component 40
9 Activity (2.1) : Morphological Component 55
10 Activity (2.2): Morphological Component 40
11 Activity (2.3) : Syntax Component 60
12 Activity (2.4): Syntax Component 40
13 Activity (3.1) : Semantics 50
14 Activity (3.2): Semantics 50
15 Activity (3.3) : Pragmatics 55
16 Activity (3.4): Pragmatics 50
17 Activity (4.1) : Auditory and Visual Distinction in Similar Letters 65
18 Activity (4.2): Auditory and Visual Distinction in Similar Letters 65
19 Activity (4.3) : Phonological Awareness 65
20 Activity (4.4): Phonological Awareness 55
21 Activity (5.1) : My Name, My Body and the Alphabet 60
22 Activity (5.2): My Name, My Body and the Alphabet 50
23 Activity (5.3) : Reading Comprehension 55
24

Activity (5.4): Reading Comprehension

55
25 Post - Vocabulary Tool 10
26 Exit Task 20
Total 20 Hours


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