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 Developing Science and Math Concepts in KG
Developing Science and Math Concepts in KG
Title 
Developing Science and Math Concepts in KG 
Duration: 
15 hours 
Prerequisites: 
Advanced Educational Qualification, Early Childhood Philosophical Approaches and their Implications on KG Curricula, Designing Learning Centers in KG

Material: 
Training Guide, Program Kit, and online resources on Marifah 
Level  Track: 
Specialized Level  Kindergarten 
Target Audience : 
Kindergarten teachers 
This program focuses on the concepts of Science, nature and the significance of teaching science to children. It also deals with childcentered teaching methodologies such as inquiry, experiment, discovery, problemsolving, research and projectbased education. In addition, it provides practical application on planning and implementing scientific activities that build scientific thinking skills, and links science to students' daily life by adopting learning through play in outdoor and handson activities in a wholeapproach; including weather, seasons, flora and fauna, materials, colors etc.
The program also provides trainees with techniques to develop Mathematical concepts, numerical thinking skills, problemsolving, analysis, conclusion, and numbers; by utilizing play in handson activities. It introduces Mathematical concepts; including numbers, time, place, size, and measures in an integrated and thematic unit. This is based on tangible to semitangible materials and connection to everyday elements, by applying and discussing the activities.
Big Ideas
• 
Learning science activities foster scientific thinking. 
• 
Teaching science requires an environment that encourages children to experiment, research and discover. 
• 
Teaching Mathematics through tangible materials is a must for KG students which enhances their Mental abilities . 
Essential Questions
• 
Why is Science taught? 
• 
How does teaching children Science contribute to the development of their scientific thinking? 
• 
How do children learn the different scientific concepts? 
• 
How can you develop children’s awareness of Math operations and processes? 
Outcomes
Unit 
Outcomes 
1 
 • Clarify the concept of Scientific methods .
 • Identify Science processes and operations.
 • Explain the characteristics of children's thinking.
 • Identify the stages of children's cognitive development.
 • Create activities to develop children's thinking.
 • Explain the goal of teaching Science for children.
 • Clarify the impact of the studentcentered method.

2 
 • Identify the role of “sun of ideas” in planning scientific projects.
 • Plan for the camera project in teaching KG.
 • Explain the importance of projectbased teaching.
 • Clarify characteristics of investigation.
 • Plan Science activities for learning through investigation.
 • Identify the learning through problem solving in KG.
 • Create activities for the learning through problems.
 • Create scientific stories.
 • Explain the role of scientific stories in developing scientific thinking for children
Plan projects in Science for KG.

3 
 • Highlight the appropriate scientific resources for children.
Design scientific encyclopedias.
 • Identify the importance of Science museums in KG.
 • Identify the types of Science museums in KG.
 • Identify the concept of Mathematics.
 • Clarify the goals of teaching Mathematics in KG.
 • Formulate goals that develop high order thinking skills in Mathematics in KG.
 • Clarify the studentcentered methods of teaching Mathematical concepts.
 • Explain the concept of classification.
 • Plan activities for classification in KG.

4 
 • Identify the importance of patterns for children.
 • Create activities to imitate patterns and develop them.
 • Design activities for teaching geometric shapes.
 • Create activities around numbers.
 • Employ tangible items in teaching numbers.
 • Explain various methods of teaching Mathematics.

5 
 • Explain the concept of (more and less) in terms of numbers.
 • Create activities for the concept of (more and less).
 • Explain the concept of (denunciative and cumulative).
 • Explain the concept of summation.
 • Employ "play learning" in teaching summation for children.
 • Estimate children's need for learning Math to apply it in life.
 • Explain the subtraction process.
 • Create some activities to teach subtraction for children.
 • Organize as hop corner to teach subtraction.
 • Develop projects to teach Science and Math for children.

Assessment
No 
Assessment 
Component 
Weight 
1 
Attendance and Participation 
Participation 
5 
Attendance 
5 
2 
Formative Assessment 
Selfassessment 
KWLQ 
5 
Vocabulary Tool post and pre 
5 
Assessment ladder (before, during and after the training ) 
5 
Trainer evaluation 
The science project that includes:
 Science activities.
 Plan activities for the project.
 Implement the activities.
 Produce a story for the project.
 Produce educational games for the project.
 Filming the project.
 Writing reflections on the project.

20 
Mathematics project:
 Plan Mathematical activities that fit with the Science project and activates the Math corner as follows:
 (Up and down, big and small)activity
 Numbers activity.
 Denunciative and cumulative numbers activity.
 Summation activity
 Subtraction activity.

20 
3 
Summative assessment 
Summative Unit 3 Assessment task: evaluating trainees’ communication by an open evaluation session, by asking trainees to discuss the training topics and the trainer having a rubric to evaluate trainees’ communication skills 
10 
Exit Task 
5 
Portfolio 
10 
Final exam 
20 
Program Total 
100 
Time Distribution
No 
Item 
Time (min) 
1 
KWLQ 
10 
2 
PreVocabulary Tool 
10 
3 
Terminology 
5 
4 
Activity 1.1: The Concept Of Science 
30 
5 
Activity 1.2: Characteristics Of Children's Thinking 
30 
6 
Activity 1.3: Objectives Of Teaching Science For Children 
30 
7 
Activity 1.4: Child Centered Learning 
30 
8 
Activity 2.1: Scientific Topics Children Learn In Kindergarten 
30 
9 
Activity 2.2: The Sun of Ideas And Teaching Math 
35 
10 
Activity 2.3: ProjectBased Learning Benevolent Child 
40 
11 
Activity 2.4: Inquiry & DiscoveryBased Learning 
30 
12 
Activity 2.5: Problem SolvingBased Learning 
30 
13 
Activity 2.6: StoryBased Learning 
40 
14 
Activity 2.7: Planning Project 
30 
15 
Activity 3.1: Children's Scientific Encyclopedia 
40 
16 
Activity 3.2: Science Museum 
35 
17 
Activity 3.3: Why Mathematics 
30 
18 
Activity 3.4: Objectives Of Teaching Mathematics 
20 
19 
Activity 3.5: Mathematical Concepts 
30 
20 
Activity 3.6: Classification 
30 
21 
Activity 4.1: Pattern And Sequence 
30 
22 
Activity 4.2: Geometric Shapes 
30 
23 
Activity 4.3: Numbers 
30 
24 
Activity 4.4: Teaching Mathematics Through Music, Art, Story And Problem Solving 
30 
25 
Activity 4.5: Mathematics And Science Games 
35 
26 
Activity 5.1: The Concept of More And less 
30 
27 
Activity 5.2: The Concept of Descending And Ascending 
35 
28 
Activity 5.3: The Concept of Addition –Fish Picking 
35 
29 
Activity 5.4: The Class Shop For Teaching Subtraction 
30 
30 
Activity 5.5: Projects Market 
30 
31 
Post Vocabulary Tool 
5 
32 
Exit Task 
15 

Total 
10 Hours 
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