Developing Science and Math Concepts in KG

Program Details

Developing Science and Math Concepts in KG
Duration: 15 hours
Prerequisites: Advanced Educational Qualification, Early Childhood Philosophical Approaches and their Implications on KG Curricula, Designing Learning Centers in KG
Material: Training Guide, Program Kit, and online resources on Marifah
Level - Track: Specialized Level - Kindergarten
Target Audience : Kindergarten teachers

Short Description

This program focuses on the concepts of Science, nature and the significance of teaching science to children. It also deals with child-centered teaching methodologies such as inquiry, experiment, discovery, problem-solving, research and project-based education. In addition, it provides practical application on planning and implementing scientific activities that build scientific thinking skills, and links science to students' daily life by adopting learning through play in outdoor and hands-on activities in a whole-approach; including weather, seasons, flora and fauna, materials, colors etc.

The program also provides trainees with techniques to develop Mathematical concepts, numerical thinking skills, problem-solving, analysis, conclusion, and numbers; by utilizing play in hands-on activities. It introduces Mathematical concepts; including numbers, time, place, size, and measures in an integrated and thematic unit. This is based on tangible to semi-tangible materials and connection to everyday elements, by applying and discussing the activities.

Big Ideas

Learning science activities foster scientific thinking.
Teaching science requires an environment that encourages children to experiment, research and discover.
Teaching Mathematics through tangible materials is a must for KG students which enhances their Mental abilities .

Essential Questions

Why is Science taught?
How does teaching children Science contribute to the development of their scientific thinking?
How do children learn the different scientific concepts?
How can you develop children’s awareness of Math operations and processes?


Unit Outcomes
  • • Clarify the concept of Scientific methods .
  • • Identify Science processes and operations.
  • • Explain the characteristics of children's thinking.
  • • Identify the stages of children's cognitive development.
  • • Create activities to develop children's thinking.
  • • Explain the goal of teaching Science for children.
  • • Clarify the impact of the student-centered method.
  • • Identify the role of “sun of ideas” in planning scientific projects.
  • • Plan for the camera project in teaching KG.
  • • Explain the importance of project-based teaching.
  • • Clarify characteristics of investigation.
  • • Plan Science activities for learning through investigation.
  • • Identify the learning through problem- solving in KG.
  • • Create activities for the learning through problems.
  • • Create scientific stories.
  • • Explain the role of scientific stories in developing scientific thinking for children Plan projects in Science for KG.
  • • Highlight the appropriate scientific resources for children. Design scientific encyclopedias.
  • • Identify the importance of Science museums in KG.
  • • Identify the types of Science museums in KG.
  • • Identify the concept of Mathematics.
  • • Clarify the goals of teaching Mathematics in KG.
  • • Formulate goals that develop high order thinking skills in Mathematics in KG.
  • • Clarify the student-centered methods of teaching Mathematical concepts.
  • • Explain the concept of classification.
  • • Plan activities for classification in KG.
  • • Identify the importance of patterns for children.
  • • Create activities to imitate patterns and develop them.
  • • Design activities for teaching geometric shapes.
  • • Create activities around numbers.
  • • Employ tangible items in teaching numbers.
  • • Explain various methods of teaching Mathematics.
  • • Explain the concept of (more and less) in terms of numbers.
  • • Create activities for the concept of (more and less).
  • • Explain the concept of (denunciative and cumulative).
  • • Explain the concept of summation.
  • • Employ "play learning" in teaching summation for children.
  • • Estimate children's need for learning Math to apply it in life.
  • • Explain the subtraction process.
  • • Create some activities to teach subtraction for children.
  • • Organize as hop corner to teach subtraction.
  • • Develop projects to teach Science and Math for children.


No Assessment Component Weight
1 Attendance and Participation Participation 5
Attendance 5
2 Formative Assessment Self-assessment KWL-Q 5
Vocabulary Tool post and pre 5
Assessment ladder (before, during and after the training ) 5
Trainer evaluation

The science project that includes:

  • Science activities.
  • Plan activities for the project.
  • Implement the activities.
  • Produce a story for the project.
  • Produce educational games for the project.
  • Filming the project.
  • Writing reflections on the project.

Mathematics project:

  • Plan Mathematical activities that fit with the Science project and activates the Math corner as follows:
  • (Up and down, big and small)activity
  • Numbers activity.
  • Denunciative and cumulative numbers activity.
  • Summation activity
  • Subtraction activity.
3 Summative assessment Summative Unit 3 Assessment task: evaluating trainees’ communication by an open evaluation session, by asking trainees to discuss the training topics and the trainer having a rubric to evaluate trainees’ communication skills 10
Exit Task 5
Portfolio 10
Final exam 20
Program Total 100

Time Distribution

No Item Time (min)
1 KWL-Q 10
2 Pre-Vocabulary Tool 10
3 Terminology 5
4 Activity 1.1: The Concept Of Science 30
5 Activity 1.2: Characteristics Of Children's Thinking 30
6 Activity 1.3: Objectives Of Teaching Science For Children 30
7 Activity 1.4: Child -Centered Learning 30
8 Activity 2.1: Scientific Topics Children Learn In Kindergarten 30
9 Activity 2.2: The Sun of Ideas And Teaching Math 35
10 Activity 2.3: Project-Based Learning Benevolent Child 40
11 Activity 2.4: Inquiry & Discovery-Based Learning 30
12 Activity 2.5: Problem Solving-Based Learning 30
13 Activity 2.6: Story-Based Learning 40
14 Activity 2.7: Planning Project 30
15 Activity 3.1: Children's Scientific Encyclopedia 40
16 Activity 3.2: Science Museum 35
17 Activity 3.3: Why Mathematics 30
18 Activity 3.4: Objectives Of Teaching Mathematics 20
19 Activity 3.5: Mathematical Concepts 30
20 Activity 3.6: Classification 30
21 Activity 4.1: Pattern And Sequence 30
22 Activity 4.2: Geometric Shapes 30
23 Activity 4.3: Numbers 30
24 Activity 4.4: Teaching Mathematics Through Music, Art, Story And Problem Solving 30
25 Activity 4.5: Mathematics And Science Games 35
26 Activity 5.1: The Concept of More And less 30
27 Activity 5.2: The Concept of Descending And Ascending 35
28 Activity 5.3: The Concept of Addition –Fish Picking 35
29 Activity 5.4: The Class Shop For Teaching Subtraction 30
30 Activity 5.5: Projects Market 30
31 Post -Vocabulary Tool 5
32 Exit Task 15
Total 10 Hours

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